One of the nation’s fine wool and beef cattle identities and a Monaro community leader, James Litchfield of Hazeldean at Cooma, has died at the age of 93.
The descendant of generations of fine wool breeders, Mr Litchfield was also a Shire Councillor and vice president of Snowy River Shire Council for more than a decade. He was the founding chairman of the Monaro Angus Breeders Association and also helped to form the Monaro Merino Association.
In 2018, he was awarded the Order of Australia Medal (OAM) for his services to livestock breeding and was also the recipient of multiple industry awards.
The Hazeldean stud was established in 1865 by Mr Litchfield’s great grandfather, also James Litchfield, with the intention of breeding Merino sheep. Angus cattle were added to the pastoral mix in 1926.
The traditional wisdom regarding the Monaro’s harsh conditions was “if they survive here, they’ll thrive elsewhere”, and during Mr Litchfield’s time at the helm, awareness of the district’s fine stock breeding capacity increased significantly. He was president of the NSW Stud Merino Breeders Association and also chaired the NSW Branch of the Angus Society of Australia.
Mr Litchfield was an industry innovator, among the first in Australia to adopt performance breeding and objective measurement principles across both wool and beef operations in what’s now standard industry practise.
He was a member of the Industry Advisory Committee to the CSIRO Division of Animal Production from 1980 to 1990 and also nurtured a keen interest in animal genetics.
Mr Litchfield was one of the originators of Breedplan, now recognised as the most advanced system of genetic evaluation in the world and used by over 30 breed associations in Australia and globally to measure production traits such as weight, carcass and fertility to create an Estimated Breeding Value. Breedplan was launched nationally at Hazeldean in 1985.
But his belief in careful scientific analysis extended further than his own pastoral enterprises. At Coolringdon, another Litchfield family property, he joined neighbours to facilitate a major high country fire research project for Sydney University that aimed to quantify the effects of grazing on both biodiversity and fire risk on country adjacent to the Kosciuszko National Park.
This research represented the only integrated effort to understand the impacts of land management policies, climate and fire on water yield from the high country to date. The Coolringdon Estate Trust established after the death of his stepmother Betty Casey-Litchfield devoted profits from the property to research at Sydney University that would benefit the Monaro.
Hazeldean was also home to many jackaroos, overseers and managers who learned the pastoral trade before returning to their own family properties, educating them in sheep and cattle breeding, performance recording and objective measurement. Many have gone on to become leaders in the agricultural industry.
James Litchfield was born in 1927, educated at the King’s School, and joined the navy before jackarooing at Uardry Station, Hay. In April, he celebrated his seventieth wedding anniversary with Barbara. Hazeldean is now operated by their son Jim and his family, the fifth generation of the family to do so.